Goals and objectives
The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a major initiative introduced by NATO at the North Atlantic Council Summit in Brussels in January 1994. The aim of the Partnership is to strengthen stability and security throughout Europe. The invitation to the Partnership for Peace has been extended to all States participating in the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC), as well as to other states present at the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), which are able and willing to participate in this program.
The 20 countries currently participating in the PfP form a geographically diverse group, which includes Western European states, former Soviet republics in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and other regions, as well as countries aspiring to members of the Alliance:
| Azerbaijan (4.05.1994)
| Bosnia (14.12. 2006)
Malta (26.04.1995- 27.10.1996; 3.04. 2008)
All PfP members are also members of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), which provides the overall framework for cooperation between NATO and Partner countries. However, the Partnership for Peace maintains its own separate identity within the framework provided by the EAPC and maintains its own basic elements and procedures. It is based on a bilateral relationship between NATO and each of the PfP countries.
The Framework Document includes specific tasks that each participant must undertake in cooperation with NATO in order to achieve the objectives of the entire program. These are:
- to facilitate transparency in the national defence and budget planing process;
- to ensure democratic control of the defence forces;
- to maintain its capacity and willingness to contribute to operations undertaken under the authority of the United Nations and / or under the responsibility of the OSCE;
- to develop cooperative military relations with NATO for the purpose of joint planning, training and exercises, to strengthen the capacity of PfP participants to conduct peacekeeping missions, such as search and rescue, humanitarian operations and others to be agreed upon at a later date;
- to develop, in the long run, better prepared forces capable of operating alongside those belonging to the members of the North Atlantic Alliance. The Framework Document also mentions that active participation in the Partnership for Peace will play an important role in the ongoing process of including new members in NATO.
Areas of cooperation
The enhanced cooperation of the PfP covers a wide range of possibilities, both in the military field and in the wider military area related to defence, but not limited to the military field.
The areas of cooperation are:
- air defence issues;
- airspace control / management;
- consultation, command and control, including information and communication systems, navigation and identification systems, interoperability issues, procedures and terminology;
- planning for civilian emergency operations;
- crisis management;
- democratic control of defence forces and structures;
- planning, budgeting and defence management;
- planning, organising and managing procurement programs for national defence and international armaments cooperation;
- defence policy and strategy;
- planning, organising and managing national defence research and technology programs;
- military geography;
- global humanitarian action against mines;
- language training;
- consumer logistics;
- medical services;
- meteorological support for NATO / Partner forces;
- military infrastructure;
- NBC’s defence and protection;
- conceptual, operational and planning aspects of peacekeeping;
- small arms and light weapons;
- operational, material and administrative aspects of standardisation;
- military exercises and collateral training activities;
- military instruction, training and doctrine.
Political-Military Steering Committee of the Partnership for Peace (PMSC/PfP)
The Political-Military Steering Committee of the Partnership for Peace is the fundamental working body responsible for PfP issues. It meets in different configurations, either only with the Allies or with the Allies and Partners. PMSC’s main responsibility includes advising the North Atlantic Council on PfP issues.
Partnership Coordination Cell (CCP)
Placed under the authority of the North Atlantic Council, it carries out its activities under the direct authority of the two NATO strategic commanders. The CCP’s task is to coordinate the military activities of the PfP and to carry out the necessary military planning.
SOURCE: The official NATO website